Transportation Articles and Publications
Fuels across America
A sample of activities in each state and the District of Columbia,
by Alternative Fuel News staff.
Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy's (ACEEE) Green Book™:
The Environmental Guide to Cars & TrucksModel Year
ACEEE's groundbreaking consumer guide provides comprehensive
information on the environmental performance of all model year
2003 cars and trucks. Using the guide, automobile shoppers can
compare models and classes of vehicles. The book also identifies
the year's 12 "greenest" and 12 "meanest" vehicles, and examines
how recent automotive trends are affecting the environment.
The bi-weekly e-newsletter of the National Center for Bicycling
and Walking compiles news coverage related to sustainable transportation
initiatives, projects, and rights. CenterLines also includes
listings of published resources, conferences and grants pertaining
to sustainable transportation.
An article that reviews the Car-Free
Cities site from Amsterdam, Holland, and other European
car free websites.
Energy and Preserving the Environment: The Role of Public Transportation
A study conduted in 2002 that concludes that public transportation
generates 95 percent less carbon monoxide (CO), 92 percent less
in volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and about half as much
carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrogen oxide (NOx), per passenger
mile, as private vehicles.
Addiction: Ending America's Oil Dependence
This report from the Natural Resources Defense Council and the
Union of Concerned Scientists details the security threat of
dependence on foreign oil and offers a practical, simple five-step
plan to cut our transportation oil needs, saving 5 million barrels
per day by 2020. The report presents steps we can take now,
using American technology and know-how, to reduce the oil needed
to power America's cars and light trucks. Full report available
online in PDF.
Day the Traffic Disappeared
Authored by Randy Kennedy, this New York Times Magazine article
profiles London's Mayor Ken Livingstone and his efforts to reduce
auto congestion in the central city by introducing congestion
charges. The article also looks at traffic control in New York
City, where one study estimated that traffic problems cost nearly
$4 billion annually in lost productivity.
on the Line
From the February 2002 issue of American City and County,
this article discusses transit-oriented developments--high-density,
mixed-use buildings near transit stations, providing easy access
to public transportation and reduced auto dependency.
Diesel Dilemma: Diesels Role in the Race for Clean Cars
A 2004 report from the Union of Concerned Scientists that finds
that diesel cars of the future can be much cleaner than todays
diesels using pollution controls under development and can provide
consumers with cost-effective fuel economy gains.
A report released by the Surface Transportation Policy
Project and the Center for Neighborhood Technology says that
the average American family living in a highly sprawling area
can pay thousands of dollars more per year for transportation
than families in more convenient locations. It analyzes government
data on consumer expenditures, ranking 28 major metro areas
by the portion of the family budget devoted to daily transportation
News from the Clean Car Campaign
A publication from the Clean Car Campaign, offering news on
efficient and alternative-fuel vehicles.
Economic Costs of Fuel Economy Standards Versus a Gasoline Tax
A study released in late 2003 by the Congressional Budget Office
(CBO) concludes that all means of reducing gasoline consumption
in the United States will be costly to consumers. CBO study
examined gasoline taxes and fuel economy standards as two routes
to reducing the nation's gasoline use by 10 percent. The study
found that fuel efficiency standards would cost $3.6 billion
per year, over and above the value of fuel savings, equal to
about $228 on each new vehicle sold. A fuel economy credit-trading
scheme among automakers could cut those costs by about 16 percent,
to $3 billion per year, or $184 per vehicle. To achieve the
same reduction using gasoline taxes, the CBO study estimates
that a 46-cent-per-gallon tax would be needed, which would impose
a societal cost of about $2.9 billion per year.
Economic Impact of Investing in Bicycle Facilities: A Case Study
The North Carolina Department of Transportation (NCDOT) Division of Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation examined the value of public investment in bicycle facilities, using the northern Outer Banks as a case study, and found that investment in bicycle facilities improves the safety of the transportation system for all users and also benefits the area's health and fitness, quality of life and the environment.
and Impact of Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards
A report from the National Academies' National Research
Council says that changes to the federal fuel economy standards
program could further cut the nation's petroleum dependence
and provide more flexibility to carmakers. Technologies already
in existence could significantly reduce fuel consumption of
new cars over the next 15 years, according to the report.
Industry Sets Annual Production Record in 2003
A press release explaining that the U.S. ethanol fuel industry
had its best year yet in 2003, producing a record 2.81 billion
gallons of fuel, according to the Renewable Fuels Association
(RFA). The record ethanol production in 2003 is about 32 percent
more than the industry produced in 2002.
and Implementing Sustainable Development: A Local Planning Approach
From the Southwest Region University Transportation Center,
a technical paper on innovative methods to design, finance and
implement sustainable transportation development projects in
a local community. Full report is available as a PDF.
Cell Cars Offer Solution To Curtail Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Provides an overview of a study released in May 2002 by the
General Motors Corporation (GM) that examined the greenhouse
gas emissions resulting from 36 fuel pathways and 18 propulsion
concepts that ranged from conventional engines to fuel cells.
The study found that greenhouse gas emissions are lowest overall
when renewable sources such as biomass or wind power are used
to generate hydrogen, which then fuels a fuel-cell-powered vehicle.
Fuel cell vehicles using hydrogen produced from natural gas
could also reduce greenhouse gas emissions, according to the
Fuel Economy Guide
Released by DOE and EPA, the guide lists estimated miles per gallon for both city and highway driving for all cars and light trucks sold in the United States for model year 2005. It also lists an estimated annual fuel cost for each vehicle, and includes special sections on hybrid-electric and alternative-fuel vehicles.
The Fuel Economy Guide website includes fuel economy data back to 1978.
out of the Rut
From Foresight, the newsletter of 1000
Friends of Florida, this article offers steps that individuals
can take to help their communities make informed transportation
and land-use planning decisions. (PDF)
A feature from The Christian Science Monitor says bike trails
are not just for recreation, but can serve as transportation
corridors, connecting residential areas with urban destinations.
Cities across the country are installing greenways for bicycle
commuters and conducting daily business.
An article that prompts us to re-examine the
effects of zoning and sprawl on our main streets.
Transportation and Community Partnerships are Shaping America
A two-volume set of case studies about transportation partnerships
and how transportation facilities connect to surrounding neighborhoods.
Available from the Project for Public Spaces.
INFORM's Sustainable Transportation Program has produced a number
of reports on alternative fuels and the adoption of clean vehicle
Vegas Valley Transit System Development Plan
A report that examines the feasibility of different types of
transit for specific plans over the next 20 to 30 years. The
report concludes that light rail service using "diesel
multiple units" on one of the transit routes would be require
much lower capital investments than a bus rapid transit system
that had been proposed.
"Livable communities represent a holistic approach
to how cities are planned, designed and built. By paying proper
attention to the involvement of people in the planning of neighborhoods,
adopting appropriate planning principles, and designing buildings,
streets and other transportation facilities with people in mind,
the livable communities initiative can be part of the solution
to many problems facing us."
A report from the Transportation Research Board that identifies
practices and policies employed in Western Europe and Canada
to encourage public transportation use, and suggests approaches
the United States could take to increase ridership.
Maryland Safe Routes to School: A Guidebook for Parents and Communities (PDF, 1.5 Mb)
The 57-page document focuses on the story of a program developed at a specific school, but has been expanded to assist parents and communities in other locations in developing and implementing programs that encourage children to walk or bike to school.
Montana Transportation Choices
that evaluates the state's program in light of current guidelines, goals, and requirements contained in federal transportation laws, and compares Montana's transportation program to best practices among the states.
The Need for Regional Anti-Congestion Policies (PDF, 258K), from The Brookings Institution, looks at both demand-side and supply-side strategies for dealing with congestion, and says they must be applied regionally to be effective.
Thinking for a New Transportation Age
This Local Government Commission factsheet describes transportation
principles for livable communities.
That American?: Oregon Posts Reward for Driving Less
A Michigan Land Use Institute column explains Oregon's law encouraging
insurance companies to offer pay-as-you-drive insurance.
Auto-free living begins with a single step, says
an article by Alan Thein Durning.
the Automobile Fuel Economy Standards Program
"This document seeks comment on various issues relating
to the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) program. In particular,
this document seeks comments relating to possible enhancements
to the program that will assist in furthering fuel conservation
while protecting motor vehicle safety and the economic vitality
of the auto industry."
Road Ahead: How Context-Sensitive Solutions will Change our
Project for Public Spaces, developer of Context-Sensitive Solutions,
explains how the Federal Highway Administration plans to implement
Nature: Improving Transportation Without Putting Nature Second
A report by the Surface Transportation Policy Project and Defenders
of Wildlife suggests that the nation's natural environment and
wildlife habitats are at significant risk from both development
patterns and the roads that make the development possible. America
is criss-crossed by 4 million miles of roadways, covering 19,000
square miles with asphalt, and an estimated one million animals
are killed every day on America's roads.
the Record Straight: Transit, Fixing Roads and Bridges Offer
Greatest Jobs Gains
A report from the Surface Transportation Policy Project finds
that investments in road and bridge repair create 9 percent
more jobs per dollar than building new roads or bridges.
Discusses limiting urban growth by putting direct limits on
automobile use, such as speed limits.
Choices, Less Traffic
From the Sierra Club; highlights the best and worst local
plans for alleviating traffic congestion and air pollution.
The report profiles twenty showcase projects that provide innovative
solutions to local problems.
The State of the Nation's Intercity Rail: Federal Investment Could Relieve Congestion and Improve Travel Choice (PDF 177KB)
A report by the Surface Transportation Policy Project argues that dedicated federal investment in the nation's
rail infrastructure is critical to America's mobility and
Development and Sustainable Transportation: Strategies for Economic
Prosperity, Environmental Quality, and Equity
This Working Paper from the University of California at Berkeley
Institute of Urban and Regional Development reviews current
thinking about sustainable transportation as part of a broader
strategy of transportation and land use planning for sustainability.
A periodic publication from the Canadian Centre for Sustainable
Transportation, with each issue featuring a different topic.
Sustainable Transportation Options
This ICLEI-US publication outlines policies and practices that
local governments can undertake to minimize traffic congestion,
reduce vehicle emissions, and prevent sprawl in their communities.
Over fifty transportation and land-use measures are highlighted,
including an implementation example for each measure. To order
the publication contact the U.S.
Reauthorization: Getting Transportation Right for Metropolitan
A brief by The Brookings Institution that calls on Congress
to respond more forcefully to the transportation needs of metropolitan
America and to give metropolitan areas more powers and greater
tools, in exchange for enhanced accountability, in order to
establish successful regional transportation policies.
Years of Progress: Building Better Communities through Transportation
A 2002 report from the Surface Transportation Policy Project
documents how transportation is changing in the United States.
In the last decade, transportation planning has moved from an
almost single-minded focus on finishing a freeway and highway
network to an exploration of myriad new ways to improve and
expand transportation choices. The first two chapters of this
report document the national trends that have emerged in the
past decade: increasing demand for more choices, increased investment
in new solutions and changing traveler behavior. The third chapter
gives specific examples of how transportation investments are
being used to make communities better places to live.
and the Changing Face of America
"One of the cornerstones of the ISTEA is increased
participation in the planning process. What has traditionally
passed as ‘citizen involvement’ has been a generally superficial
process whereby the people whose lives are most impacted are
haphazardly brought in, usually fairly late in the game, and
given little if any chance of understanding, evaluating, and
expressing preferences for a meaningful diversity of options
in full light of their transportation, environmental, and community
impacts," Donald Camph writes. His monograph particularly examines
the issues facing three groups: the elderly, the poor, and women.
and the American Dream
Subtitled "Why a Lack of Transportation Choices Strains
the Family Budget and Hinders Homeownership," this report
from the Surface Transportation Policy Project shows that in
sprawling cities, families spend a disproportionate amount of
their income on transportation, limiting their ability to purchase
The Surface Transportation Policy Project has also compiled
figures from the 2000 U.S. Census into easy-to-use,
downloadable Excel documents. The demographic profiles include
data points such as commute mode, travel time to work, and number
of vehicles per household; each data point is given by state,
county, place, metro area, and congressional district. STPP
has posted maps and a brief trend analysis.
The annual Urban
Mobility Report by the Texas Transportation Institute
reports on the time Americans spend each year caught in traffic,
the costs of traffic congestion, and the effectiveness of congestion
Walkable Communities: Twelve
Steps for an Effective Program
Summarizes key planning, zoning, engineering, and development
recommendations that can make communities more walkable. From
the Florida Department of Transportation Pedestrian Facilities
Planning & Design course. (PDF)
Last updated: January 31, 2005
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