The following principles are among those that have been developed
to help guide sustainable development efforts.
2030 was adopted in December 2002 by the Metropolitan
Council, the regional planning agency serving the Twin Cities.
Blueprint 2030 is a a new strategy for how the region can strengthen
its quality of life and addresses integrated land use, infrastructure
development, affordable housing, natural resource protection,
and agricultural land preservation.
City of Portland
Sustainable City Principles were developed by Portland,
Oregon, as a means of achieving sustainability.
Earth Charter is a set of principles, developed by the
Earth Charter in collaboration with Green Cross International,
that serves as a universal code of conduct for the transition
to sustainable development.
Hannover Principles is a 70-page philosophical tract,
written by architect William McDonough, that outlines a sustainable
design philosophy for buildings, cities and products. Within
the document, nine principles have become known as the "Hannover
Park Service's Principles for Sustainable Design articulate
principles to be used in the design and management of tourist
facilities that emphasize environmental sensitivity in construction,
the use of non-toxic materials, resource conservation, recycling,
and integration of visitors with natural and cultural settings.
The National Park Service, under its Sustainable Design Initiative,
developed this guidebook, entitled Guiding Principles of Sustainable
Design. Sustainability principles have been developed for several
topics, including building design, site design and energy management.
The Natural Step Principles
emerged from an international movement that began in Sweden.
Natural Step is dedicated to helping society reduce its impact
on the environment and move toward a sustainable future.
Principle helps guide human activities to prevent harm
to the environment and to human health.
were developed by attendees of the 1998 Wingspread conference,
"Communities in Harm's Way: A Leadership Dialogue on Designing
Disaster-Resistant Settlements," to help communities and government
agencies enhance sustainability in disaster-prone communities.
The principles include a checklist for disaster mitigation and
a policy action framework.
Last updated: October 15, 2003
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