City of Burlington,
Vermont--1996 Municipal Development Plan
Presents a vision for sustainable land use and development over
the next ten to twenty year period in Burlington. Aims to prepare
the city for sustainable development, provides a reliable basis
for public and private investment, and will guide the city into
the twenty-first century.
2020--Scottsdale, Arizona; 1995
Presents sustainable guiding principles, prepared in a citizen-driven
process, for land use decisions in Scottsdale.
Smart Legislative Guidebook; 2002
The Guidebook and its accompanying User Manual are the culmination
of the American Planning Association's seven-year Growing Smart
project, an effort to draft the next generation of model planning
and zoning legislation for the U.S. A unique feature
of the Guidebook is the variety of options provided for statutory
reform instead of a one-size-fits-all model. APA also offers
Planning for Smart Growth: 2002 State of the States,
a report available online, which tracks each state's level of
success in smart growth through planning.
Planning Technical Assistance Act--State of Illinois;
This law updated planning statutes from the 1920s. It defines
the elements of a good comprehensive plan and provides assistance
to jurisdictions in developing a plan that addresses transportation,
land use and natural resources, community vision, and other
Community-Based Planning Act -- 1997 (PDF format)
Legislation building on the state's sustainable development
statutes. The Act sets 11 goals for community-based planning,
creates an advisory council to refine program details, and funds
Ordinance--Belmont, North Carolina; 1994
Provides "Traditional Neighborhood Development" guidelines,
including mixed-use, pedestrian oriented planning.
Retail and Service Building Ordinance--Stoughton, Wisconsin; 2004
This ordinance for "big box" stores over 20,000 square feet is intended to
ensure that such buildings are compatible with the surrounding area and the overall community character of the city.
Development Code Handbook and Appendix
This publication from the state of Oregon, one of several code
assistance handbooks, presents common obstacles to smart development
and provides guidance to communities in determining whether
their local codes and standards encourage, support, or impede
Growth" and Neighborhood Conservation-- Maryland Senate
Bill 389; passed 1997
Establishes priority funding areas in the State so as to preserve
existing neighborhoods and agricultural, natural, and rural
resources; prohibits State agencies from approving specified
projects that are not in priority funding areas; provides for
specified exceptions; establishes a certification process for
the designation of eligible priority funding areas; requires
municipal corporations to adopt specified development standards
and assist counties in the collection of fees to finance specified
Program-- State of Maryland; 1997, revised 2001.
The 1997 General Assembly adopted several specific programs,
which together form the Smart Growth initiatives. Collectively,
these initiatives aim to direct State resources to revitalize
older developed areas, preserve some of Maryland's valuable
resource and open space lands, and discourage the continuation
of sprawling development into rural areas.
Smart Growth Zoning Codes: A Resource Guide; 2003
This publication from the Local Government Commission compiles
research of more than 150 "smart growth" zoning codes
from across the nation.This guidebook will help planners design
a zoning code that encourages the construction of walkable,
mixed use neighborhoods and the revitalization of existing places.
An executive summary, Overcoming
Obstacles to Smart Growth through Code Reform, is available
Planning Goals and Guidelines--State of Oregon; 1996
Presents 19 planning goals expressing state policies on land
use and related topics along with suggestions on how to apply
Superstores Law--Los Angeles; 2004
An ordinance adopted by the Los Angeles City Council will require developers of superstores to perform cost-benefit analyses of their projects' impact on job loss, replacement of good-paying jobs with poverty-wage jobs, loss of open space, destruction of local businesses, and increased crime and traffic.
Smart Growth Legislation; 1999
The legislation defines what a "comprehensive plan"
is, outlines procedures for adopting these plans, and requires
that certain actions, beginning in 2010, be consistent with
an adopted plan. The legislation also established a planning
grants program for comprehensive planning.
Greenspace Commission -- State of Georgia; 2000
The text of Georgia Senate Bill 399, providing for state and
local government activities with respect to preservation of
greenspace, and the creation of the Georgia Greenspace Commission.
District Ordinance -- Jackson County, Oregon; 1989
This ordinance, online in PDF, implements greenway plans. It
includes definitions, permitted uses and conditional uses of
a public greenway.
Ordinance -- Nashville and Davidson County, Tennessee;
This ordinance, which could serve as a model for other communities,
authorizes the acceptance of certain property for use as park
space and an easement for use as a greenway. It also authorizes
Riparian Habitat Management--Napa,
Delineates requirements for creating a riparian habitat management
plan, including creation of streamside buffer areas and the protection
and maintenance of vegetation.
Santa Rosa Creek Greenway
Resolution--Santa Rosa, California; 1990
Provides for the funding and other requirements to establish
a creekside multi-purpose greenway.
Solar Access Protection
9 Land Use Regulations: Chapter 8 Solar Access --Boulder, Colorado;
Limits the amount of permitted shading by new construction
and requires that new buildings be sited to provide good solar access.
Solar Energy Ordinance--Port
Arthur, Texas; 1979
Defines solar energy and mandates design principles which utilize solar
energy and protect building access to its use.
Solar Access: Summary
of Ordinance--Boulder, Colorado; 1991
Describes an ordinance which limits the amount of permitted shading
by new construction and requires that new buildings be sited to provide
good solar access.
Regulations--Boulder, Colorado; 1991
Limits the amount of permitted shading by new construction and requires
that new buildings be sited to provide good solar access.
Solar access, thermal
performance and solar heating--Soldiers Grove, Wisconsin; 1980
Establishes energy performance standards for new building, including
a requirement that non-residential buildings receive a minimum of 50 percent
of their heating from solar energy.
Solar Codes and Ordinances--New
Pattonsburg, Missouri; 1996
Provides for protection of solar access, encourages alternative
housing design ,the use of wind energy conversion systems and
other resource efficient technologies.
for Developing and Evaluating Tree Ordinances
A website from the USDA Forest Service and the International
Society of Arboriculture, which includes information on planning
for an ordinance, drafting an ordinance and evaluating an ordinance.
Street Trees, Shrubs and
Plants Management--Carpenteria, California; 1994
Establishes regulations governing planting, care, maintenance
and removal of trees and plants.
Tree Ordinance Index
An online index provided by the USDA Forest Service Southern
Agricultural Land Protection
Program (Guidelines)--Lancaster County, Pennsylvania;
Uses the acquisition of agricultural conservation easements
as a tool to protect the areas rich agricultural heritage.
The Farmland Information Library provides this searchable collection
of local, state and federal laws, administrative regulations,
state executive orders and state attorney general opinions related
to farmland protection.
Protection Policy Act -- Federal; 2000
The purpose of the Farmland Protection Policy Act (FPPA) is
to minimize the extent to which Federal programs contribute
to the unnecessary and irreversible conversion of farmland to
Model Agricultural Zoning
Ordinance--Lancaster County, Pennsylvania; 1994
Provides a model document to include effective protection of
agricultural and farm land in overall planning and zoning guidelines.
Right to Farm Ordinance--Davis,
Provides the preservation of agricultural lands in Davis (well
known for its efforts in environmentally sensitive management),
and surrounding Solano County.
New Jersey Brownfield Legislation, Senate Bill 39--1998
Makes variations in New Jersey state law to facilitate the remediation
of contaminated real property and specifies an appropriation. To
order a copy of the legislation, call New Jersey Legislative Services at
(609) 292-4840 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
cleanup and revitalization programs --State of Maryland;
Establishes a voluntary program in the Maryland Department of
Environment and sets guidelines for regulations, fees and approval
Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act
-- Federal; 2002
The Act is intended to stimulate the redevelopment of old industrial
properties. The new law reforms the federal Superfund law, providing
liability protection for prospective purchasers, contiguous
property owners, and innocent landowners. The bill also provides
$200 million annually over the next five years to states to
clean and revitalize brownfield properties and creates a public
record of brownfield sites.
Many municipalities and counties have open space protection
programs and local taxes that support the purchase and preservation
of open space.
Hillside Preservation District--Pacifica,
Encourages protection of natural topographic features
and discourages the development of ridgelines.
Space Preservation Codes--National Association of Counties
NACo furnishes the text of actual codes submitted by individual
Open Space District--Marin County, California
Provide the philosophy, guidelines and regulations which protect
and maintain the County’s natural spaces.
* Marin County Open Space Preservation
Program Policy; 1985
* Marin County Open Space
District Code; 1994
Performance Zoning Model Ordinance--Bucks
County, Pennsylvania; January 1996
Presents a zoning method with a primary objective of protecting
natural resources and a secondary objective of providing flexibility
in the design of residential development.
Protection--Boulder, Colorado; 1981
Protects area wetlands through restrictions on use and development,
including adjacent areas where use and development might adversely
Transfer of Development Credits
Transfer of Development Credits--Monterey County, California;
Allows the transfer of development rights from
one parcel to another as a tool in programs to discourage building
in sensitive areas of the Big Sur.
* Transfer of Development Credit
Zoning Ordinance, Title 20; 1995
* Transfer of Development Credit
Policies, Big Sur Land Use Plan; 1988.
of Development Rights--State of New York
The Pace Law School Land Use Law Center describes the transfer
of development rights process as applied in New York.
Last updated: November 4, 2004
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