Development Codes / Ordinances
Land-Use and Development Planning
Solar Access Protection
Transfer of Development Credits
Materials and Water Conservation
Energy Efficiency Design
Land-Use and Development
Association of Counties (NACo) Codes and Ordinances
NACo offers online examples of codes and ordinances related
to sustainability, addressing topics such as agricultural land,
zoning and planning, communities, and sustainable development.
Development Code Handbook and Appendix
Presents common obstacles to smart development, as well as provides
guidance to communities in determining whether their local codes
and standards encourage, support, or impede smart development.
The Oregon Transportation and Growth Management Program offers
several code handbook publications. Most titles are available
online, as well as in print form. Others include the Commercial
and Mixed Use Development Handbook, Model Development
Code and User's Guide for Small Cities, and Infill and
Redevelopment Code Handbook.
Smart Growth Zoning Codes (Available Spring 2003)
Presents the results of researching over 250 zoning codes. While
covering comprehensive codes such as Traditional Neighborhood
Design and Mixed Use Zones, it also examines more focused issues
like parking and street standards. Developing Smart Growth Zoning
Codes also covers the approval process and hidden barriers to
Infill and Redevelopment Code Handbook (PDF)
Provides tools for addressing barriers to infill/redevelopment
that often exist in a community's development codes. The step-by-step
process in the handbook is intended for city planners, planning
commissioners, and consultants who are involved in updating
land use codes for their communities.
Codes and Land Use Analysis Tools--Envision Utah (PDF)
Introduces strategies and tips for local governments to address
five smart growth-related topics. The model codes in the workbook
provide specific code language that supports the general recommendations
and can be used as the basis for new or revised planning and
Codes--Congress for New Urbanism (PDF)
Provides a list of model codes and state enabling legislation
with an emphasis on Traditional Neighborhood Design.
and Redevelopment Amendments--City of Austin Smart Growth
Outlines a number of amendments to the City of Austin's Land
Development Code known as the Infill and Redevelopment Amendments.
They consist of 8 separate options which are available only
when approved as part of a Neighborhood Plan.
Comprehensive Planning Legislation (PDF)
Commonly recognized as Wisconsin's "Smart Growth"
legislation, this document outlines the statutes that focus
on the development and implementation of local comprehensive
plans. Provides an overview of a state grant program that assists
local governments develop comprehensive plans for Smart Growth.
Ordinance for A Conservation Subdivision
This model ordinance was prepared by University of Wisconsin
Extension, in compliance with Wisconsin's comprehensive planning
and smart growth law. The ordinance was approved by a committee
of the state legislature, and can be adopted by Wisconsin communities.
It addresses approval process, design requirements and performance
standards. The model ordinance is online in complete form as
a PDF document.
and Guidelines for Managing Maryland's Growth --Maryland;
Addresses infill development and includes model zoning codes,
examples of existing zoning codes from jurisdictions throughout
the country, and a list of minimum requirements that jurisdictions
must meet in order to qualify for certain state incentives.
Growth" and Neighborhood Conservation--Maryland
Senate Bill 389
Establishes priority funding areas in the State so as
to preserve existing neighborhoods and agricultural, natural,
and rural resources; prohibits State agencies from approving
specified projects that are not in priority funding areas; provides
for specified exceptions; establishes a certification process
for the designation of eligible priority funding areas; requires
municipal corporations to adopt specified development standards
and assist counties in the collection of fees to finance specified
school construction; etc.
Smart Legislative Guidebook: Model Statutes for Planning and
the Management of Change, 2002 Edition, and the companion User
Manual (various formats)
Provides model statutes for smart growth planning.
Greener Ordinance Language: Visually Enhanced Zoning and Subdivision
Models, Island Press, 2001
This interactive CD-ROM provides an enhanced, visually interactive
version of the model zoning and subdivision ordinances that
appear in the book Growing Greener (Island Press, 1999). Included
are more than 50 commentary images and short video clips that
illustrate the model ordinances and help explain and clarify
the available options.
The Natural Lands Trust and others in Pennsylvania have developed
a conservation zoning and subdivision design approach for Pennsylvania
communities to adopt, aimed at putting conservation into local
codes. A 20-page booklet is online in PDF.
Community-Based Planning Act --1997 (PDF format)
Legislation building on the state's sustainable development
statutes. The Act sets 11 goals for community-based planning,
creates an advisory council to refine program details, and funds
Ordinance --Belmont, North Carolina;
Provides "Traditional Neighborhood Development" guidelines,
including mixed-use, pedestrian-oriented planning.
Solar Access Protection
Energy Ordinance--Port Arthur, Texas; 1979
Defines solar energy and mandates design principles that utilize
solar energy and protect building access to its use.
Access: Summary of Ordinance--Boulder, Colorado; 1991
Describes an ordinance that limits the amount of permitted shading
by new construction and requires that new buildings be sited
to provide good solar access.
access, thermal performance and solar heating --Soldiers
Grove, Wisconsin; 1980
Establishes energy performance standards for new building, including a requirement that
non-residential buildings receive a minimum of 50 percent of their heating from solar
Codes and Ordinances--New Pattonsburg, Missouri; 1996
Provides for protection of solar access, encourages alternative
housing design, the use of wind energy conversion systems and
other resource-efficient technologies.
Rights Act --State of New Mexico; 1978.
Defines the right to use solar energy as a property right and
provides for state encouragement of its use.
Agricultural Zoning Ordinance--Lancaster County, Pennsylvania; 1994
Provides a model document to include effective protection of agricultural and farm land in
overall planning and zoning guidelines.
Easement Program (Guidelines)--Lancaster County, Pennsylvania;
Uses the acquisition of agricultural conservation easements as a tool to protect the areas
rich agricultural heritage.
to Farm Ordinance--Davis, California; 1995
Provides the preservation of agricultural lands in Davis (well
known for its efforts in environmentally sensitive management),
and surrounding Solano County.
of Agreement for Brownfields Redevelopment --Michigan
Department of Environmental Quality; 1996
Memorandum of agreement between the Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) and the
United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regarding brownfields redevelopment.
Brownfield Legislation, Senate Bill 39--1998
Makes variations in New Jersey state law to facilitate the remediation of contaminated
real property and specifies an appropriation. To order a copy of the legislation, call New
Jersey Legislative Services at (609) 292-4840 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
cleanup and revitalization programs --State of Maryland; 1997
Establishes a voluntary program in the Maryland Department of Environment and sets
guidelines for regulations, fees and approval of applications.
Open Space District--Marin County, California
Provide the philosophy, guidelines and regulations that protect and maintain the
Countys natural spaces.
Zoning Model Ordinance--Bucks County Pennsylvania; January 1996
Presents a zoning method with a primary objective of protecting natural resources and a
secondary objective of providing flexibility in the design of residential development.
Preservation District --Pacifica, California;
Encourages protection of natural topographic features and discourages the development of
Protection--Boulder, Colorado; 1981
Protects area wetlands through restrictions on use and development, including adjacent
areas where use and development might adversely impact wetlands.
Transfer of Development Credits
Transfer of Development Credits--Monterey County, California
Allows the transfer of development rights from one parcel to
another as a tool in programs to discourage building in sensitive
areas of the Big Sur.
of Community Responsibility, Covenants, and Restrictions--New
Pattonsburg, Missouri; 1995
Provides for the encouragement of sustainable construction,
energy-efficient design and orderly development of the new town.
Development Objectives--New Pattonsburg, Missouri;
Outlines initial development guidelines and establishes a sustainable
economic development council.
Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC) Planning and Design
Represents NAVFAC's proactive commitment to environmentally
sustainable facilities. The policy is detailed in three documents:
of Santa Monica Building Guidelines--Santa Monica, California;
Discusses an effort to establish sustainable building design and performance guidelines
for office, retail, hotel and multi-family residential building.
Site Solid Waste and Recycling Collection--Portland,
Mandates recycling of construction site waste for any building
project with a total job cost over $25,000, as well as requiring
recycling programs for businesses and multifamily dwellings.
Guidelines on New Construction and Building Renovation Projects--San
Diego, California; 1997
Establishes voluntary green building guidelines that focus on
energy and resource efficiency, waste minimization, and protection
of the environment.
Policy--Portland, Oregon; 1990
Provides a 10-year plan to increase energy efficiency in all sectors of Portland by 10
Performance Standards--Montgomery County, Maryland;
Establishes minimum energy performance standards for county
Efficiency Standards--State of California; 1995
Establishes energy efficiency requirements for residential and
Standards for Alterations and Remodels to Residential Structures--Davis,
Establishes minimum energy performance levels beyond state requirements,
while allowing for innovation and flexibility of design.
Last updated: April 20, 2004
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